|The Porsche 917 is the race car that gave Porsche its first overall wins at the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1970 and 1971.|
|The 917 display at the Porsche Museum|
If someone were to make a list of the greatest race cars ever made, the Porsche 917 would almost certainly have to be on it. In fact, the 917 makes a pretty good case for itself to be the greatest race car of all time.
Want some proof? How about how with some iterations of the car rated between 1,110 and 1,500 horsepower, it remains one of the most powerful race cars ever made -- not bad for a car that competed in the early 1970's.
Click here to see and hear the 917 in action.
|Le Mans movie poster starring |
There are many more reasons why the 917 is considered among the all-time greats. If you don't immediately recognize those three numbers, don't worry -- you've probably seen the car in photographs somewhere.
|Porsche 917 in Gulf Oil livery|
With the car's low, wide shape that included a tapering tail at the back, swooping front fenders and massive tires, it looked especially striking in its iconic blue-and-orange Gulf Oil livery. Yes, it's that car!
According to Porsche, when 50 international motor sports experts from the British magazine Motor Sport were asked to name the greatest racing car in history, they cited the Porsche 917.
But while its reputation is considerable today, the 917 got off to a rocky start in the late 1960's when Porsche struggled to build enough examples of the car to qualify for competition. Then they had trouble finding drivers brave enough to drive the beast, whose power far outpaced its handling. It was also initially plagued with development problems. But Porsche persevered with the 917, and after some tweaks, the German automaker had a more than just a winner on their hands -- they had the makings of a legend.
Porsche 917 DevelopmentDevelopment of the Porsche 917 race car came about due to a rule change in motor sports. In 1968, the Federation Internationale de l'Automobile, the international racing governing body commonly known as the FIA, announced a new class of racing for sports cars with engines no greater than 5 litres and that weighed at least 1,760 pounds (798.3 kilograms). The decision was made to allow cars with smaller engines to race in the World Sports Car Championship and to attract new companies to the grid.
Following the frightening speeds attained in the 1967 race, the capacity of engines was limited to 3 liters. The old 5 liter cars were allowed so long as they had a production of 25 vehicles. The regulators thought that no manufacturer would be able to make, let alone sell, 25 prototypes... and yet on the 20th of April 1969 at the Porsche factory there stood the designated number of cars neatly parked. On the 14th of June, three 917 with 4.5 liter flat 12 power were at the start line. Although it was Ford with an 'old' GT 40 that took victory, the Germans took revenge in 1970 and '71.
In this new class of racing, only 25 examples of the car had to be built instead of 50, which lowered the cost of entry and production for other manufacturers. Development was headed by an engineer named Ferdinand Piëch, a member of the Porsche family and the chairman of the Volkswagen Group today.
Stuttgart, 20th of April 1969 : Lined-up at the factory,
the 25 Porsche 917 awaiting inspection by scrutineers.
So in just three weeks, Porsche rushed the remaining cars into construction, using secretaries and office workers to quickly assemble the cars in time. They succeeded in building all 25 of the cars, and they passed FIA inspection -- although some of them barely ran and later had to be reassembled and rebuilt by Porsche mechanics!
Once it started racing, success was not immediate. The car only won one race its first season and was plagued with handling issues. It exhibited wheel spin at 200 miles per hour (321.9 kilometers per hour), and its instability on the track resulted in the death of a driver. Fortunately, John Wyer's Gulf Oil team discovered that adding aluminum sheets to the 917's rear end added some much-needed stability and downforce. Suddenly, the car -- now called the 917K -- became a monster on the racetrack.
I once watched an interview with David Piper where he said that the car's handling was so bad that you needed a compass to find your way out of a corner! The main problem was basically due to a lack of down-force at speed.
Porsche 917 Specifications
|917 flat 12 cylinder air cooled engine|
The 917 was designed to race in a class of cars with smaller engines than the Ford GT40, which dominated the World Sports Car Championship for years with its massive V-8 engine. But don't let the word "smaller" fool you -- the 917's engine had a little less displacement, but it was nothing to fool around with.
|An exploded view of the 917 engine|
|An exploded view of the 917 engine|
The car packed a 4.5-liter, air-cooled flat-12-cylinder engine, similar in design to the flat-six or boxer engines used in the Porsche 911 sports car. The 917 engine initially had 520 horsepower, could do the zero to 60 miles per hour (96.6 kilometers per hour) dash in 2.5 seconds and had a top speed of close to 250 miles per hour (402.3 kilometers per hour!)
|Can-Am race car engine showing the gearbox and turbos|
|Can-Am race car|
In addition, the car featured interchangeable rear ends. Teams could choose between the "long tail" with low drag for races with lots of straight sections, or the "short tail" for races with curves when downforce is called for. Other iterations of the car included a combination long/short tail, and open-cockpit "Spyder" versions.
|The "Hippie Car" at Classic Le Mans|
|The "Pink Pig" second from left |
at the Porsche museum
Porsche 917 at the Racetrack
|The Porsche 917K of Jo Siffert and |
Brian Redman being inspected during
scrutineering at the Le Mans 24 Hours race,
Le Mans, June 1970
|Helmut Marko and Gijs van Lennep pull into the lead in |
their Porsche 917, at Tertre Rouge during the
24 hour race at Le Mans on June 13, 1971.
The 1970 racing season proved to be a better year once the Wyer team ironed out the kinks in the 917's handling. The car went on to claim victories at Daytona, Brands Hatch, Monza, Spa, the Nürburgring, the Targa Florio, Watkins Glen and at the Österreichring in Austria. The season's high point came in June when the 917 won the long-desired overall win at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. The car won nine of 10 races that year to secure the World Championship of Makes trophy.
Footage from the 1970 Le Mans race was used to create the Steve McQueen film "Le Mans," where the 917 featured prominently in the story. The Gulf Oil 917K was driven by McQueen's character Michael Delaney as he battles Ferrari's 512 race cars.
Click here to see some background on the making of the movie
The following year was equally successful. The car defended its world trophy in 1971 by winning eight of 10 races and once again won the 24 Hours of Le Mans. This time, it set a record of 240 miles per hour (386.2 kilometers per hour) on the track's Mulsanne straight, a feat that has yet to be broken today.
The 917 became so dominant that the FIA once again changed their regulations, and the car was no longer eligible to compete. So Porsche brought it North America, where they entered it in the Sports Car Club of America's Canadian American Challenge Cup, better known as CanAm. This form of racing had far fewer regulations than the FIA races, so the car was able to compete with well over 1,000 horsepower. As could be expected, it dominated there as well.
Not all the 917's were on display at the Porsche museum. This one
was at the Classic Le Mans 2012
|Porsche Museum in Stuttgart|
I hope this short write-up has done this magnificent car justice . . . .
- Lieberman, Johnny. "Jalopnik Fantasy Garage - Porsche 917." Jalopnik. Aug 21, 2007. (March 25, 2011) Click here to follow the link
- Porsche. "40 Years of The Porsche 917." March 9, 2009. (March 25, 2011) Click here to follow the link
- Porschebahn Weblog. "1970 Porsche 917LH at the 2010 Amelia Island Concours." April 17, 2010. (March 25, 2011) Click here to follow the link
- Read, Dan. "Four decades of cool." TopGear.com. March 19, 2009. (March 25, 2011) Click here to follow the link